10 Piece Set Round Circle Fake Cheater Plugs Mens Womens Stainless Steel Earrings 6QEzE

SKU-35865-10984520
10 Piece Set Round Circle Fake Cheater Plugs Mens Womens Stainless Steel Earrings 6QEzE
10 Piece Set Round Circle Fake Cheater Plugs Mens Womens Stainless Steel Earrings

Two months later, Science and 9ct Yellow Gold 11mm Small Hoop Earrings Top Hinged Sleeper BgZ5S
are publicly releasing a data set of 28 million download request records from 1 September 2015 through 29 February 2016, timestamped down to the second. Each includes the DOI of the paper, allowing as rich a bibliographic exploration as you have CPU cycles to burn. The 3 million IP addresses have been converted into arbitrary codes. Elbakyan converted the IP addresses into geolocations using a database I purchased from the company Maxmind. She then clustered each geolocation to the coordinates of the nearest city using the Google Maps API. Sci-Hub users cluster to 24,000 unique locations.

The big take-home? Sci-Hub is everywhere. Most papers are being downloaded from the developing world: The top 3 countries are India, China, and Iran. But the rich industrialized countries use Sci-Hub, too. A quarter of the downloads came from OECD nations, and some of the most intense download hotspots correspond to the campuses of universities in the US and Europe, which supposedly have the most comprehensive journal access.

But these data have many more stories to tell. How do the reading habits of researchers differ by city? What are the hottest research topics in Indonesia, Italy, Brazil? Do the research topics shift when the Sci-Hub night owls take over? My analysis indicates a bimodal distribution over the course of the day, with most locations surging around lunchtime, and the rest peaking at 1am local time. The animated map above shows just 2 days of the data.

Something everyone would like to know: What proportion of downloaded articles are actually unavailable from nearby university libraries? Put another way: What is the size of the knowledge gap that Sci-Hub is bridging?

Download the data yourself and let the world know what you find.

The data:

Bouquet of Flowers Sterling Silver Charm Bracelet Bead Gift boxed 55bkLv

My analysis of the data in Science:

NINAQUEEN 925 Sterling Silver Charm Bracelet Nickelfree Black gFYkhUtq

— John Bohannon

Like Loading...

Michael Kors Womens Chain Stainless Steel Gold MKJ5519710 gSJqNV
In "Data availability"

Elsevier and Dryad implement reciprocal linking In "Journals"

Why does Dryad use CC0? In "New features"

Posted in Data availability , Featured data | 1 Comment

Earth Space Science News

Jewelco London 9ct Yellow Gold Plain Lightweight Half Sovereign Coin Mount Pendant g7BVq
Meeting Report

Treatment of the Climatic Signal in Time and Space: From Instrumental and Proxy Data to Modelling; Rouen, France, 18–20 April 2017

By Maxime Debret , Marie Nicolle, and A. de Vernal

A desire for a full understanding of the climate dynamics driven by natural processes versus human activities motivates much of the research on analyzing observations of climate and ocean changes. Comprehensive instrumental climate databases with high spatial and temporal resolution have been available on the global scale since the 1970s, but few time series cover more than a century. Proxy data (e.g., sediment, ice cores, and tree rings) provide information about events in the distant past. However, linking the instrumental records of climate and the paleoproxy time series remains a challenge.

Climatologists can use instruments to observe a long-term tendency (multidecadal to secular); however, because of the limited timescale covered, they are unable to draw conclusions on the driving mechanisms. Our “paleo–time series” workshop addressed this issue by discussing how the paleoclimatological community can help in understanding instrumentally observed long-term tendencies.

The participants identified the need to increase the quality of the dating control and to properly integrate the dating uncertainties into the compilation, factors that are still overlooked despite valuable efforts in developing EAR VINES Angel Wings Ear Cuff Pins CZ Crystal Hook Earrings Gold Tone wutPGQ
. In addition, an improvement in the time resolution of paleodata and spatial distribution of the paleo–time series is necessary. This is especially true at high latitudes and in the ocean realm, where proxy data are very rare and still missing in most available compilations, even the Silver Dark Red Agate Teardrop Jewellery Set Drop Earrings amp; Necklace S906 gGZtLhY
.

Another important question that participants raised concerned how to process the time series. Statistical techniques, together with times series analysis methods such as JOOLS by Jenny Brown ® Sterling Silver Bangle With One Cubic Zirconia Set Stone ddHkHwuW6m
, are useful for comparisons of the high-frequency variability in both instrumental and proxy records. These methods could also be applied for documenting the low-frequency variability captured in the Loveangel Jewellery Womens Crystal Big Turtle Pin Brooch Pendant d9vvt
.

Rainbow Pride LGBT Sexuality Bead Flag Earrings Handmade Bead Work Jewellery J gkBKO0U
Who says Peatlands are Unproductive?
Coordinating Partners
Funding Partners
SchönerSD Large Round 10nbsp;mm Pearl Earrings 925nbsp;Sterling Silver wM034QHF

Led by the Center of International Forestry Research (CIFOR) alongside founding partners UN Environment and the World Bank, with core funding provided by the German Government, the Global Landscapes Forum (GLF) accelerates action towards the creation of more resilient, equitable, profitable, productive and healthy landscapes and the achievement of the UNFCCC Paris Agreement and Sustainable Development Goals (Agenda 2030).

The views expressed in this site are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the Global Landscapes Forum . This site is licensed under Trink Brand Love Heart Sterling Silver Faceted Beaded Bracelet 3LjVJ97
.
| Global Landscapes Forum is governed under CIFOR’s Privacy Policy and Terms of Use .